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Strategic framework for the improvement
of the situation of the Roma

Annex

The commitments of the Romanian Ministries that have elaborated strategies with regard to the Roma minority
The Inter-ministerial Subcommittee for the Roma, set up within the Inter-ministerial Committee for the National Minorities, dealt with various requests concerning the elaboration of strategies for the improvement of the situation of the Roma. Of the 8 central public institutions (ministries and agencies) represented in the Subcommittee, 7 have already designed strategies concerning the Roma.
The following ministries are represented in the Inter-ministerial Subcommittee for the Roma: The Ministry of Health, The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection, The Ministry of Public Function, The Ministry of Internal Affairs, The Ministry of national Education, The National Agency for Child Protection, The Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of External Affairs. The Ministry of Health

Entry no. 4, 'Means for improving the health status of the roma', from the document of strategic analysis submitted by the Ministry of Health, recommends the following strategic actions:

  • Drafting the necessary paperwork for the institutionalisation of the system of medical mediators
  • Training of health mediators, nurses and doctors of Roma origin by reserving a number of places with the relevant schools by the Ministry of National Education
  • Monitoring the health mediators through the County departments for Public Health based on the criteria elaborated by the Ministry of Health
  • Setting up medical settings in Roma communities
  • Organising health education activities carried out in medical settings, by NGOs, schools, radio (in the Romani language) or TV stations and leaflets
  • Carrying out immunisation campaigns in the Roma communities by employing mixed made up of medical staff from the local level as well as representatives of the Department for Public Health (Epidemiology and transmissible diseases)
  • Campaigns aimed at early detection of tuberculosis, AIDS, LUES, and other chronical diseases (cardio-vascular or respiratory diseases etc)
  • Carrying our county level surveys regarding the health of individuals of Roma ethnicity in certain counties (based on the direct and indirect indicators)

The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection
The strategic analysis of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection includes 3 entries:
entry no. V, 'Measures with regard to the improvement of the institutional framework aimed at increasing the access of underprivileged individuals, including Roma ethnics, to the labour market and to social protection',
entry no. VII, 'Active measures proposed by the MMPS and the ANOFP in view of granting support to individuals belonging to the Roma communities' and
entry no. VIII, 'The success of future strategies, of programmes in support of underprivileged individuals, including Roma ethnics' and recommends the following strategic actions:
Entry no. V

  • Training the staff of job and professional training agencies with regard to the involvement of Roma ethnics in the labour market
  • Ensuring, by means of mentions in the job descriptions, that staff are assigned responsibilities with regard to securing the access of Roma ethnics to the jobs, unemployment benefits, professional training, social assistance; this will be realised within the Ministry, its decentralised departments, within the national or county level agencies in collaboration with Roma non governmental organisations

Entry no. VII

  • Social protection and professional reintegration of the unemployed, under the legal provisions (in order organise professional training for the traditional Roma crafts, it is necessary that they are listed in the Romanian official list of professions; the qualification in various professions is tightly related to the program of initial training the person has undergone; if employers request specific training in profession similar to the traditional Romani professions, the AJOFP can organise the needed courses, in compliance with the law)
  • Supporting small and medium size initiatives initiated by Roma ethnics by means of advantageous crediting, in compliance with the legal provisions
  • Supporting young Roma graduates in obtaining jobs, in compliance with the legal provisions - Issuing microcredits, in compliance with the Government's Ordinance no. 118/1999
  • Granting subventions to Roma non governmental organisations that set up and run social work units, in compliance with the provisions of Law no. 34/1998

Entry no. VIII

  • Organising at the local/ county level mixed task groups consisting of elected representatives of the community, representatives of the decentralised structures of the central administration, of Roma non governmental organisations, of the Roma minority; their purpose would be to identify the groups that need support, to evaluate the main difficulties they are confronted with, to identify the existing or potential resources, to coordinate the efforts aimed at solving the identified problems, to propose new programmes with regard to the active measures for preventing social exclusion, to monitor and to evaluate the programmes
  • Training the human resources both a the central and the local levels
  • Communicating vertically and horizontally with all institutions with complementary tasks as well as coordinating the various running programmes
  • Consolidating the support offered by NGOs to the Roma minority and involving the target groups in solving their own problems
  • Replicating successful models
  • Building a wide network of communication and collaboration
  • Providing financial resources

The Ministry of Public Function
The following strategic actions are provided for under heading no. III of the document for strategic analysis, 'Activities of the Ministry of Public Function with regard to the protection of the rights of the national minorities in the field of public administration':

  • Exercising the right to legislative/ normative initiative by promoting legal drafts in the filed of local public administration with regard to the protection of national minorities
  • The participation of the Ministry of Public Function in the 'National Plan for the Local Development of the Roma communities' Program in collaboration with the DPNM
  • Supporting the draft of the new law of public administration and of the local autonomy, already approved by the Senate, in view of adopting the law during the next parliamentary session
  • Including a number of representatives of the Roma minority in the continuous education programmes of the National Centre and the 6 Territorial Centres for Continuous Education in Public Administration
  • Developing the existing collaboration with the Roma NGOs
  • Supporting the proposal of the DPNM with regard to the inclusion of the National agency public clerks in the Inter-ministerial subcommittee for the Roma.

Ministry of Internal Affairs
The following strategic actions, concerning the creation of the partnership police force - community, are included in the strategic analysis of the Ministry of Internal Affairs:

  • Legal and crime prevention education of the population
  • Early identification of the conflicts that may generate violence
  • Identifying and protecting potential victims
  • Detensioning family conflicts that may generate antisocial actions
  • Drawing the members of the community to prevention activities by organising meetings, lectures, presentations, workshops, debates
  • Elaborating and presenting documentaries on legal issues, followed by debates aimed at stimulating the interest for understanding legislation and particularly for trying out behaviours to be employed in potential risk situations
  • Collaborating with international bodies and with structures specialised in crime prevention
  • Elaborating educational publications on crime prevention (newsletters, leaflets, brochures, stickers etc.)
  • Carrying out investigations aimed at reducing the number of situations that facilitate crime and at identifying the persons predisposed to violence or victimisation

Ministry of National Education
The following strategic actions have been included in the strategic analysis of the Ministry of National Education:

  • Supporting the school and preschool children in joining schools and preschools (by offering a snack to both Roma and non Roma students while in school)
  • Adopting legal provisions in support of Roma children, for at least 7 years to come, such as granting certain education related privileges to Roma children; promoting Roma staff in school administration (school masters and school inspectors);
  • Carrying on the process of granting special benefits and special places for the young Roma who wish to pursue university or college studies.
  • Ensuring that schools and school departments are compelled to organise, in compliance with the legislation in force, special classes aimed at schooling the roma who had not been involved in education as well as professional training in modern and traditional professions/ crafts; also, ensuring that the teaching system is adapted to the roma specificity in the few traditional communities (organising school caravans with the involvement of roma individuals as teachers, in collaboration with the Roma NGOs)
  • encouraging school units to offer and the young Roma to request permanent classes in Romani language and Roma history in kindergartens, schools, highschools and universities (the MNE will organise and subsidise on an annual basis advanced training for 45 teachers in romani language in view of ensuring quality language training).

National Agency for the Protection of Children's rights In the field of child protection, the National Agency for the protection of Children's Rights has planned the following results by the end of the year 2003:

  • decreasing the number of children in the classical residential system
  • increasing the number of children who benefit from child abandonment and institutionalisation prevention programmes
  • gradually increasing the number of children in alternative child protection services, family residential care or reintegrated in their own families
  • improving the quality of the care offered to the children in the residential settings - increasing the number of alternative services offered to the child in need, in relation the number of classical child protection institutions
  • decreasing the number of residential institutions and particularly the ones with a capacity larger than 150 children
  • applying, at the national level, the minimum necessary standards, the regulations and the good practice methods for the organisation and the functioning of the child protection services and institutions
  • setting up a national system for monitoring the whole child protection activity Examples of the types of planned activities
  • monitoring the quality of child protection in the residential settings, including the settings for children with disabilities or handicap, by respecting the minimum necessary standards - promoting the family type alternatives and the new types of complementary services for the child and for the family
  • preventing abandonment, abuse and neglect as well as preventing all phenomena that lead to child distress
  • analysing the 'street children' phenomenon and intervening for improving the situation - preparing for life and for social and professional integration the youth who have benefited until the age of 18 of one or more child protection measures
  • orienting, re-educating and socially reintegrating the delinquent child
  • Publicising children's rights and raising awareness with regard to child related issues and to the situation of families in distress or in risk situations and their needs as well as to the need to participate in the prevention and alleviation of these problems.

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