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Strategic framework for the improvement
of the situation of the Roma

III. General framework

The Government of Romania adopts the following General Framework for r the elaboration of the White Chart: Strategic Framework for the improvement of the situation of the Roma

1. Priorities of the Roma communities in six fields of public policies
a. Public administration

  1. Including Roma communities in the local/ regional development programmes
  2. Allocating public resources according to the identified needs of the Roma communities proportionately, according to the number of Roma at the local level.
  3. Including the underprivileged Roma communities in the selection criteria for grants for underprivileged areas and implementing development programs
  4. Solving the problems related to property rights in relation to the lands and housing inhabited by Roma as well as problems related to enforcing legal provisions regarding the setting or resetting of land property rights, including launching new legislative initiatives in this field
  5. Enforcing the right to land ownership from the state reserves for the Roma who do not own have never owned land - in compliance with the legislation
  6. Designing and implementing community mediation programmes, as well as programmes aimed at the prevention and elimination of prejudice against the Roma
  7. Setting up offices for the Roma at ministry and prefecture levels in charge with elaborating a data base with regard to the Roma minority, with supporting and implementing specific projects and programmes
  8. Designing and implementing programmes aimed at setting up and equipping workstations or camps for practising traditional travelling crafts
  9. Providing the legal framework for the ministries, the central/local agencies and their decentralised structures to be able to fund projects or programmes aimed at improving the situation of the Roma
  10. Creating and developing an institutional framework, at both central and local levels, in partnerships with the Roma organisations, that would serve as public structures responsible with community development
  11. Including Roma experts in the National Council for Combating Discrimination
  12. Assisting the Roma in obtaining basic documents such as identity cards and documents regarding the marital status
  13. Elaborating an textbook for intercultural education for the training of public servants who work with or in Roma communities and providing for penalties for discriminatory behaviour towards the Roma in the internal regulations

b. Social security

  1. Ensuring non discriminatory access to all public services and improving the access of individuals of Roma origin to the social security and pension benefits
  2. Designing and implementing specific programmes aimed at professional training of the Roma
  3. Designing and implementing programmes aimed at improving the living conditions and living environment that would improve the living standards and the environment related standards in the areas inhabited by Roma; including the Roma in the programs aimed at creating new housing and allocation of social housing
  4. Improving the access of the Roma to public medical services (both preventive and treatment focused) by institutionalising the medical mediators system, by designing and implementing prevention and treatment programmes, by signing the Roma up with family practitioners, by granting subsidised medication
  5. Identifying solutions for the effective integration of the Roma within the health insurance system
  6. Designing and implementing in the Roma communities a series of information and counselling programmes for the women, with a focus on the protection of the mother and the child

c. Child protection, education and youth

  1. Organising, on a gradual basis, pre-school and primary education in the mother tongue in the bilingual communities as well as elaborating the appropriate teaching materials
  2. Setting up of a secondary education institution for the Roma (arts and crafts, vocational training, professional training and retraining etc.
  3. Developing programmes for distance education for the Roma
  4. Organising departments / independent institutions of religious education in Romani
  5. Designing and implementing educational programmes focused on building the self and collective esteem of the Roma
  6. Elaborating and implementing multicultural educational programmes for the Roma children in the multiethnic and multicultural communities
  7. Elaborating and implementing training programmes for school mediators and training and continuous education programmes on intercultural education for the active teaching staff
  8. Introducing in the school curricula topics such as Roma history and Romani language and civic and non racist education in the common body of the teaching curricula
  9. Elaborating vocational training programmes, adult education programmes as well as programmes aimed at training mediators in various fields
  10. Elaborating and implementing programmes aimed at encouraging participation of parents in the educational processes, both in school and outside
  11. Ensuring non-discriminatory access of Roma women to public programmes aimed at child protection and education
  12. Elaborating and implementing programmes aimed at identity awareness and elimination of discrimination for the institutionalised Roma children and for other children in distress
  13. Setting up a partnership involving the Roma NGOs and the public local structures for child protection and hiring trained professionals of Roma origin in child protection settings
  14. Improving the quality of life for the Roma children and ensuring a real protection of their rights
  15. Collaborating with the Roma youth NGOs in order to support pilot initiatives in Roma communities
  16. Elaborating and implementing training of trainer programmes for the young Roma in the Roma communities
  17. Allocating space for cultural, educational and sporting activities for Roma children and youth

d. Culture and cults

  1. Organising and developing networks aimed at turning the Roma cultural heritage to good account by adapting traditional crafts and professions to the modern day market and by developing retailing networks
  2. Setting up special departments within the public institutions with a cultural focus with the purpose of
  3. Organising information campaigns with a inter/multicultural focus and civic and antiracist education in multiethnic communities

e. Economic

  1. Ensuring certain facilities for practising and revaluing of the traditional crafts
  2. Designing and implementing specific programmes aimed at funding income generating activities and small family and community businesses in Roma communities, including businesses run by Roma women
  3. Designing and implementing programmes aimed at reducing the rate of unemployment, that is currently disproportionately high within Roma communities, by offering facilities to the employers who hire Roma individuals and by combating all forms of discrimination with regard to the employment of Roma
  4. Designing and implementing specific professional training and reconversion programmes for the Roma

f. Institutional development and international relations

  1. Improving the existing legal framework and ensuring that basic human rights - of civil, political and social nature, as well as minority rights - are respected at all levels and in compliance with the international norms and with the international obligations Romania has signed up to
  2. Including Roma representatives in the official Romanian delegations to the international meetings focused on Roma issues
  3. Where appropriate, addressing the situation of the Roma minority by the official delegations in the international summits
  4. Including specific Roma related issues in the bilateral conventions and treaties among states
  5. Supporting the creation of national level communication and information channels for the Roma
  6. Elaborating and implementing programmes aimed at supporting the development of the Roma civil society, to the end of full affirmation of the fundamental human rights and liberties
  7. Setting up the National Institute for Studying the Problems of the National Minorities
  8. Setting standards in the field of monitoring, preventing and combating discrimination against the Roma
  9. Including the Roma minority in the bilateral conventions and treaties among states.

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